Periodontitis is a serious gums infection after a significant accumulation of bacteria on your gums and teeth. When left untreated, periodontitis can lead to permanent teeth and bone damage. That is why it’s crucial to get the appropriate treatment as soon as possible. Some things that can help you determine whether you have a gum infection are knowing the condition’s symptoms and causes. Thus, this article highlights periodontitis causes and symptoms, and it overviews some periodontitis treatments that you can visit your dentist for.

Causes of Periodontitis

The primary cause of periodontitis is poor dental hygiene. You must understand that bacteria cling to tartar and plaque on your teeth’s surfaces. Failure to clean your teeth properly will result in the bacteria reaching your gum line, where your floss and toothbrush won’t reach. Thus, that can result in periodontitis, which can damage the supporting tissue around your teeth, resulting in tooth loss.

A few other potential causes of periodontitis include the following.

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Hormonal changes in pregnant women
  • Family history and genetics
  • Health conditions such as arthritis

Symptoms of Periodontitis

You can look out for the symptoms of periodontitis to help catch it early (i.e., before you start to experience bone and tooth loss) and seek the appropriate periodontitis treatments. So, here’s an overview of some of its symptoms.

  • Swollen gums
  • Purplish or reddish gums
  • Easily bleeding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Tender gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Pus (infection) around the gum line
  • Tooth loss
  • Pain during chewing
  • Gum recession
  • New gaps between the teeth

Visiting your dentist twice a year at least can help them determine any of the symptoms.

Periodontitis Treatments

Periodontitis treatments vary based on the severity of your condition. Thus, your dentist may opt for nonsurgical treatment when your condition has not progressed significantly. Nonsurgical treatments include prescribing antibiotics and scaling and root planning.

Surgical periodontitis treatments are only necessary when the aforementioned treatment options are not possible. You must remember that your doctor should not first consider surgery over other options. With that said, some surgery treatments include flap surgery, guided tissue regeneration, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and dental bone grafts. You can speak to your doctor about each of these conditions, and if they are considering it for you, make sure you understand the aftercare properly to ensure that your treatment is effective.

Final Thoughts

Periodontitis is a common condition, affecting 47% of adults older than 30 years in the United States. Therefore, you should not take the problem lightly. You won’t need to consider periodontitis treatments if you make sure that you take care of your oral hygiene.

If you’re looking to consult an expert dentist in Detroit to check if you have periodontitis, then book an appointment at Dr Below’s clinic. He and his team truly care about your oral health and will diagnose your condition and determine the most suitable treatment based on your specific condition.